Spurs
Until a novice rider learns to use his legs, he is not allowed to use spurs, because they can only injure the horse, tickle it and encourage it to jump,…

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Steeplechase competitions
Steeplechases are among the equestrian events that are widespread in many countries. Steeplechase, or steeplechase, is held on a specially equipped track up to 8 km long, which runs through…

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Safety rules when working with horses
How to be safe with a horse Always wear safe clothing and use safe equipment. When working with a horse, always wear a helmet and boots or boots with hard…

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15 riding lessons (part 2)

Lesson 4
Movement with a horse. Boarding and Dismounting
Remember, once you start saddling a horse, You will not get away from it. Therefore, do everything in advance and take everything you need to drive immediately. It must be firmly understood: a saddled horse should not be left alone. Bending down, it can “zapodpruzhitsya”, that is, pinch the soft tissue in front of a strongly tightened girth, throw off the head and break the rein, start to roll and break the saddle. You can’t tie a horse by the bridle rein. Most stable horses are not used to this and can break it. If in an exceptional situation, the horse must be left saddled, then you should loosen the girth for 2-3 holes so that the saddle does not fall under the belly, and, winding the reins under the neck one by one, pass between them and fasten the chin strap. In the machine, a halter is put on the horse, and with its leash attached to the lower ring (chumbur), the horse is tied short so that it cannot lie down.
Before you take the horse out of the stall or out of the machine, you must remove the rein from the horse’s neck, take its end in your left hand, and hold it directly under the horse’s lower jaw with your right hand, passing your index finger between the left and right reins. During movement, try to stay at the left shoulder of the horse. This is the safest and most convenient place for both You and her.

Starting the movement, never turn the horse in place, as this can cause a stretch, or, as the horsemen say,”to heal the horse.” Turns and u-turns are made only in motion. Therefore, if the horse is standing with its head in the opposite direction to the desired direction, first touch it where it is looking, and then, on the move, start a smooth turn. You should be especially careful in narrow passages. From the machines, the horses are taken out by settling. To do this, you need to stand in front of the horse (facing it), take the reins from the trenzel itself, and, alternately pressing the left and right hand down and back, make it retreat with the left or right foot. All this should be done slowly, without rudeness, but persistently. If the horse does not come out of the stall, it is useless to pull it by the reins. Maybe she is afraid of an incomplete open door or an unfamiliar object in the aisle. If this is just stubbornness, then you should ask the trainer to take the horse out himself or bring it up from behind. In order to speed up your movement with the horse, you need to slightly pull it with the rein, but not going forward, slightly smack your lips. If this does not help, then the end of the whip, which is in the left hand, touch the side of the horse from behind his back. Move at a trot with the horse should also be located at its left shoulder, trying to run “in step” with its front legs, taking the rein a little looser. With stallions, leading is always more dangerous than riding. Therefore, it is necessary to sit on the stallion immediately, taking him out of the stable, and if the stallion is strict or plays, “stallions”, then sometimes in the stable, with the help of a trainer.

So, You took the horse out of the stable, moved away to a sufficient distance from the other horses (4-5 m), so that they did not start to “sort things out” and prepared to land. This is a very important moment. Putting your left foot in the stirrup, you should push yourself up into the stirrups, pulling your hands up by the mane, and throw your right leg over the horse’s rump. This is in short. Now in detail.

Standing at the left shoulder of the horse, facing away from the movement, you should take the reins in your left hand, lying on the withers, and, holding the tension of both reins of the horse in place, firmly grasp the same left hand for the mane. If there is no mane, or it is very rare, then for the front pommel of the saddle. In the next movement, you turn the left stirrup with your right hand and insert your left foot into it. The stirrup should be pre-lowered to the length of the putlishcha, which You still when saddling picked up not for riding, but for landing, taking into account the length of their own and horses ‘ legs. Here it is, the most important moment of landing. If the horse moves now, You will have to jump after it on one leg. Therefore, putting your foot in the stirrup, you should quickly get into the saddle at the first attempt, no matter what. To do this, you need to grab the right hand for the rear pommel of the saddle, and, strongly pushing off with your right foot, helping yourself with both hands (left for the mane, without letting go of the reins, right – for the rear pommel), try to swing your right leg over the horse’s rump. It is best to practice landing in the saddle on a gymnastic horse. It doesn’t run anywhere, it doesn’t spin around. It can be raised to any height.

What, You’re not in the saddle yet? The attempt should be repeated. If the horse doesn’t mind, it’s over. Try at least not to jump on the horse, but using the push of the right leg, and pulling (in the second place) both hands, to get to the position of the stop in the saddle with your hands. Then it will be easy to throw the right leg over the croup. Try not to cling to it with your boot. Croup in horses is an untouchable place, and there may be manifestations of displeasure.
However, I left the most convenient way of landing for last. You approach the saddled horse-the trainer holds it by the bridle, put both hands on the saddle, bend your left leg at the knee, and the second trainer smoothly lifts You up by lifting your left knee. You can do that.

Once in the saddle in one way or another, do not try to hold the horse in place. Stirrups can be adjusted at a step. The stirrup straps should not be twisted and the buckle is hidden under the wings of the saddle, otherwise it is possible to wipe feet. Length of potlis should be such that between the drumstick and the thigh form an obtuse angle. Long stirrups contribute to a deeper and more correct fit. When you fall, the long stirrup always falls off your leg. However, if the stirrups in trot “run away” from under the foot, the stirrup straps should be shortened to 1-2 holes. The approximate length of the track can be measured when saddling. The distance from the buckle to the stirrup should correspond to the length of Your arm from armpit to wrist.
Dismounting is usually not difficult for beginners. But even here there are opportunities to get injured. This can happen if You start to get off without removing one foot from the stirrup, and the horse continues to move. To avoid this, remove both feet from the stirrups before Dismounting. Then rest the palms of both hands on the front pommel, tilt the body forward, and swing both legs back-up-to the left, make a jump to the left side. A gymnastic horse is very convenient for practicing the jump. You can jump off and swing only the right leg through the croup, sliding down the saddle. When you find Yourself on the ground, the first thing to do is to tighten the stirrups, securing them with one turn of the putlishcha, and loosen the girth by 2-3 holes. Now you are ready to lead the horse to the stable or follow other instructions from the trainer.

Lesson 5
Physical training of the rider and his landing. How to fall from a horse
The main thing in mastering any motor skill is to achieve freedom of movement. It is the same in riding. If you are afraid to fall, grab the saddle convulsively, lean forward, cling to the horse like a tick, there is only one way out – learn to fall. You need to be physically and mentally prepared for this. However, the physical training is even more demanding landing. This is especially true for overweight women. The best exercise for the hands is a pull-up. If you shake to pull up at least 2-3 times on the crossbar or rings, then when landing on a horse, your hands will not let you down. The best exercise for legs is jumping rope and squatting “pistol”, that is, on one leg, stretching out the other. If You can, without holding on to anything with your hands, make 5 “pistols” in a row on each leg, then your legs Are all right. In addition to strength, you need flexibility. Very useful are the forward bends with the touch of the floor and moves down to touch toes fingers hands raised at shoulder height. However, when landing on a horse, you will have to make the right leg swing even higher.

Now about the falls. Falling from a horse is not much different from falling from a fence or tree. So if You do not have the appropriate experience, you should train at least on the ground. Since falling from a horse occurs most often in motion, it is necessary to remember school physical education lessons, namely somersaults. If You can, without losing your orientation in space and time, make 2-3 fast forward somersaults in a row, then you have a chance to learn how to fall from a horse. It is useful to remember that it is always better to fall on your feet, not on your head. If you can’t get to your feet, try to fall on your side, not on your back. In this case, the hands should be pressed against the body, and the muscles are tense. If, in addition, the bent legs are pulled up to the stomach, then You are almost a rubber ball.

When falling from a horse, never throw the reins. It will serve as a shock absorber, and, most importantly, You will not miss the horse. It is strongly recommended that you ask Your trainer to devote at least one session to falling from a low horse. You can start on the spot, then try walking, and finally on the trot. Be sure to learn not only to jump off, but also to fall. The best results can be obtained if the moment of falling is chosen by the coach himself, pulling You off the horse with a cord or rope tied around the waist (whether to hold on to the rein “to the last” in such training is decided by the coach). A significant place in safety is occupied by the rider’s shoes, the position of the foot in the stirrup and the length of the putlisch. Boots should have a smooth sole, the foot is pushed into the stirrup only a third (and not all the way to the heel), and the putlischa should correspond to the length of the rider’s legs. If these conditions are met, the foot will never get stuck in the stirrup.

Lesson 6
Horse controls, how to use them
The most important thing in managing a horse is the will and desire of the rider. The author had to observe how persistent beginners, doing everything wrong, achieved the desired results, that is, during one lesson, they retrained the compliant horse “for themselves”.

The process of collecting horses:
Collection - balancing the horse under the rider, to give it a position from which the horse easily performs movements in any direction. The collection consists in the fact that…

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The seat of the rider
The position of the rider in the saddle. He should sit confidently, evenly, freely, not straining and gently following the movements of the horse. The rider's center of mass is…

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Runs
In recent years, in many countries, competitions on runs at distances from 40 to 160 km have become widespread. the Greatest distance is set at the world Championships (in 1998,…

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The seat of the rider
The position of the rider in the saddle. He should sit confidently, evenly, freely, not straining and gently following the movements of the horse. The rider's center of mass is…

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