15 riding lessons (part 4)
The horse does not go forward
There can be many reasons:
The horse refuses to leave other horses
The horse is afraid of a real or imaginary obstacle
The horse simply refuses to obey Your commands. She has a different program of action (making love, eating, returning to the stable)
The list goes on, but let’s move on to the rider’s response. If your possibilities of sending (schenkel, whip) are already exhausted, and you need to move forward, but you must try to outwit the horse. This is not always possible. For example, it may be impossible to leave the group on a young horse. The only way out is to change the horse or leave together, standing behind the tail of an obedient horse. This technique often helps you overcome obstacles. You need to know which horse in the group is the most experienced and start it first.
Sometimes it is necessary to dismount and lead the horse. At the same time, it should be borne in mind that stallions are still more obedient “from above”, and if the horse refuses to go and lead and stands on the “candle” (rearing), it can snatch the reins and run away.
Sometimes it is not a terrible, but a new obstacle you just need to consider, smell, make sure that it does not jump up and bite. Horses are often afraid of too contrasting objects: black on snow, white in the grass. They are afraid of wires, hoses, especially if they are dragged (snake!?). When a horse has its nose in an obstacle and is not allowed to go back or sideways, it may get tired and go forward. it is necessary to proceed from the set goal in each specific case. If you need to drive faster, then you can go around the obstacle. If the task is to teach a young horse not to be afraid, it is better to go after the old one. When using a whip, you need to know that this tool is more effective if another person pushes Your horse from behind. And it is even more effective if it is done by two people standing on different sides and not letting the horse go sideways. Finally, when loading horses into a car or car, it is used as an exception (there is a risk of maiming the animal) dressing on the head of a light-proof cloth. The horse goes blind, trusting the man.
Let’s assume that a young horse, calmly trotting, suddenly slowed down, began to shake his head, toss his back. Your horse decided to play around, play, it is boring to trot along the track. It would be more fun to get rid of the rider and revile him to his heart’s content. We must act quickly and decisively. The art of training is that the animal is just about to commit an undesirable action, and You have already stopped it. So Your response is an immediate and sharp message. Schenkel, whip, voice-all means are good. If the horse is “stalled” in the stable and plays, you do not need to forcibly hold it at a walk or trot. Make a circle or two of the gallop, and with the premise that the horse feels that You remain the master of the situation. The main thing is not to panic at disobedience, and the best way to achieve obedience is to make the horse move forward by any means.
A horse under a rider can be compared to a spring. The degree of compression, regardless of the gait is regulated by the leg (rear of spring) and the reason (front springs). It is only the constant interaction of schenkel and rein that creates the dynamic balance of the horse, its readiness to rush forward or stop, which is achieved by fine coordination of these basic controls.
The horse “pulls”
The first and most important thing is not to panic. The second is to understand the reason. The horse may suffer from fright, from excess energy, from overexcitation. Do not lean forward, lift up your hands with the rein. Throw the body back, rest on the stirrups, pull the reins and, calming the horse with a voice, start to turn it around. Preferably in the direction from which leg it gallops. If the horse does not reduce its pace, try to pull the reins sharply from left to right or from right to left. Never jump off a horse that has dragged you on the move! At high speed, you can be severely injured. In almost all cases, if the horse does not reduce the pace in a straight line, it is possible to wrap it on a volt (on a circle) and, gradually reducing its diameter, make it slow down. Even if you have to take one rein and pull it with both hands (only if you can’t get the horse to change its pace or direction). When changing the direction of movement, it is desirable to maintain the orientation of the terrain and make sure that there are no obstacles that a meeting at a fast pace would be undesirable (ditches, trees, etc.)
However, the best treatment is prevention. Sitting on a horse, especially on a stranger, you can not completely relax for a second. Suddenly popped out dog can give You such acceleration, especially with the loose rein, that parting with the saddle will happen in hundredths of a second.
It often happens that one frightened horse can break into a gallop the whole group – horses have a very strong herd feeling. So you need to be attentive to everything and always, especially the head rider.
Many horses, both young and old, who participated in races, begin to “start” at a gallop, trying to get around others. It is necessary to anticipate the race for speed and keep Your horse from it. Try to keep your position in the shift and the necessary distance to the horse in front of you at the field gallop, because it may “not tolerate” being bypassed and run itself or hit its backside if it “gets on the tail”. If you feel that you are not able to control the pace and distance, lose contact with the horse, then yell “stop” and turn the horse on the volt. At the same time, it should be borne in mind that stopping a young horse on the Volta, You will not keep it from a rapid chase, if the group galloped ahead.
In summary, we can say that contact with an energetic horse that has to be restrained is a constant vigilance and anticipation of its undesirable actions. And the main tool, oddly enough, is the message.
In this section, we will analyze only those forms of behavior of horses that can prevent a novice rider from enjoying riding.
In the stable
Some bad habits we have already discussed in previous lessons. This is the reluctance of the horse to let a person into the stall, to clean, to saddle. Not in all cases, an inexperienced novice should strive to do everything himself. If the horse in response to Your actions presses his ears, bared his teeth or turns his back, it is better not to risk it, and contact the trainer.
Let’s say a horse in a stall is standing still, but when trying to put the bridle on, it raises its head high. This horse is most likely spoiled by the dacha treats before bridling, although there may be other reasons (soreness of the mouth or ears, etc.). Talk to her calmly, Pat the right hand on the neck (the left with the bridle hide behind your back). Then put your right arm around her head, put your palm on the snore (above the nostrils) and grab the rein with your left hand – let the headband fall down – try to put only the rein on her head. Not work? Never mind. Unbuckle the rein and, making sure that the headband is not twisted, wind it up from below through the neck, at least at the withers. Then zip it up. In most cases, when the rein is thrown on, the headband is put on without much difficulty.
If the horse does not unclench its teeth, it almost always helps to press your finger on the toothless edge of the lower jaw.
Does not give ears? The bridle may be small. Anyway, it is better to dissolve the plank belt into several holes, and after threading the ears again tighten.
In all cases, do not make an irreparable mistake – do not feed the horse if You do not succeed. That’s when You put everything on and buttoned up and the horse is not angry, does not” press ” the ears – then you can treat.
The horse reacts painfully-shies away, moves away, shudders, crouches – to lowering the saddle on its back. First of all, you need to make sure that there are no abrasions, bumps, scuffs on the back, then in the cleanliness of the sweats, valtrap (maybe something stings). If the back and saddle are all right, but the horse still objects, which was not the case before, contact the trainer, the reason may be in the disease (myositis, etc.).
Many horses don’t like cinch tightening. Don’t pull too hard at once. First, make sure that there is no swelling, injury, or scuffing on the abdomen. If there is something, let the coach look at it. Maybe you should put a pad under the girths.
Here is a horse saddled, but does not come out of the stall. The door is wide open, there are no foreign objects in the passage, there is nothing to be afraid of, and it does not go. If she’s not ill, she’s stubborn. Doesn’t want to work. It is useless to drag for a reason. Stand at the left shoulder, with your right hand hold the rein removed from the neck, with your left hand lightly touch the horse’s flank with the whip from behind, and smack your lips. Be careful! If the whip is rough and the horse rushes through the door, the two of you may get cramped. What, still not coming? Then-for the coach.
Be careful when leading your horse down the aisle. Horses, like people, can have a very difficult relationship with each other. A Mare who has recently had a foal can be aggressive to other horses. If You walk past her stall, she can scare the lead horse, which will rush or shun. The stallion will not pass quietly by the Mare in the hunt, past his enemy – another stallion.