Duathlon, Vaulting, Hurdles, Steeplechase, cross Country
Performing various exercises on a running or jumping around a circle (on a cord) horse, such as on a gymnastic log, for example, grads, jumps, overhangs, “scissors”, racks, etc.the Ideal horse for vaulting is an adult, with a strong broad back, calm. Equipment is politizirovannost the saddle.
The ancient Romans were vaulted in the circus. Vaulting taught in cavalry. In 1920, in Antwerp, this type was included even in the Olympic games, but did not hold. Vaulting has experienced a rebirth in the 80’s, becoming very popular in the international tournaments equestrians.
Voltigeurs perform as teams of 8 people, and in pairs, as well as singly. For singles, the demonstration of six figures is mandatory; one minute is allocated in addition to the free program, consisting of a combination of dynamic and static elements. From the Duo requires two minutes of vaulting to the music. All 8 members of the team must perform six figures in a mandatory ten-minute program, followed by a free five-minute program.
At each kilometer of the racetrack track, three obstacles up to 100 cm high are installed, tilted in the direction of the horses ‘ movement. Usually the distance of such a race is 2-3 km.
It differs from barrier races in that its route does not have to run along the track of the racetrack. Obstacles can be located inside the circle (ditches, ditches with water) or on a specially equipped steeplechase track. At a distance of 4 to 8 km, there are 12 to 36 obstacles, respectively, up to 1.5 m high, up to 4 wide, as well as 5.5 and even 7 m.
The roots of steeplechase are in the parfors hunt and competition, so beloved by Irish farmers two hundred years ago. Riders trooped straight through ditches, bushes, streams, swamps to the desired finish – to the bell towers, the path to which was indicated by the tall spires that crowned them and could be seen far around.
That is why the name of the race is literally translated-the chase to the spire (from the English. steeple-point, spire and chase-chase, pursuit).
The most difficult and expensive steeplechase is the Great Liverpool national in England (it is also called the Grand national prize by its original name). Distance-7200 m, number of obstacles-32; it was first held on February 26, 1839. In 1991, the amount drawn in the Great Liverpool steeplechase was 160 thousand pounds, or 250 thousand dollars. In 1990, the 100th great Pardubice steeplechase was held in Czechoslovakia-also one of the most difficult in the world: you need to jump not just 6,900 meters, but also jump over thirty “dead” obstacles in this race, including the “big taxis” (a hedge 1.5 m high and wide and immediately after it a moat 5 m wide and up to 2 m deep), the “Irish bench”-two huge steps the rain turns into a thick, viscous Porridge.
At the first draw of this steeplechase, only 6 of the 14 participants reached the finish line, and in 1899 – only one. Two times the victory was not awarded to anyone due to overdue time (1909, 1920). Of the women, only Lata Brandisova won the Pardubice steeplechase in 1937, and participated in it 7 times! The oldest winner was 60-year-old V. Geymovsky, a former officer of the Russian army, in Pardubice in 1951. Riders from our country have 9 victories on their account. Three times (1957 – 1959) Epigraph (Elbfaf – Gassira) finished first. In honor of him and Budennovsky Priboy (Bezh – Burqa) – the 75th winner of the Great pardubitsky steeplechase-named steeplechases are played at racetracks in Russia.
It resembles a steeplechase, but it is a cross-country race at a distance of 3 to 10 km.on the cross, you need to overcome many natural obstacles – ascents, descents, rivers, ditches, earthen ramparts, fallen trees, logs, etc. Horse runs – riding at speed (25,50,100 km) or endurance (hundreds and thousands of kilometers). High-speed runs at a distance of up to 100 km, riders pass mainly at a gallop, and in long-distance runs they ride at a variable gait. In Russia, there are several brave people who have made long runs alone.
In 1889, cornet Mikhail Aseev on two replacement horses Diana and Moisture for a month reached from the city of Lubny to Paris.
In the autumn of the same year, the centurion Dmitry Peshkov left Blagoveshchensk-on-Amur for St. Petersburg on a short Grey horse of the TRANS-Baikal breed. The journey of approximately 9500 km was completed in 194 days, mostly in winter conditions.
The brave Siberian Cossack Alexandra Kudasheva in 1910 – 1911 a little more than a year got from Harbin to St. Petersburg on a horse of the Mongolian breed.
A beautiful run was made in 1935 by riders on Akhal-Teke and iomud horses from Ashgabat to Moscow, covering 360 km of the Karakum desert in three days, and the entire distance of 4,300 km in 84 days.
Almost the same route was passed on the Akhal-Teke in 1988.
101 years after the visit of the Russian officer Mikhail Aseev to Paris, the French book publisher Jean – Louis Gouraud made a return run from Paris to Moscow, passing 3333 km in 75 days on his Prince and Robin.
In 1990-1991, the official Russian Championships for 80, 100 and 120 km races were resumed.riders from England and other countries come to participate in them. The venue is the North Caucasus.