Horseback riding rules
Compliance with the rules of riding gives the rider the opportunity to be less tired when riding, save the strength of the horse and clearly manage it, prevents the horse from mechanical injuries. The horse is controlled by a skilful combination of reins, shanks, and body slopes of the rider.
The reins are used to control the front part of the horse’s body. Using the reins, the rider sets the position of the horse’s head and neck, points it in the direction of movement, and slows or stops the movement.
The reins, both in place and in motion, should be so gathered that the rider constantly feels the light connection of the hands with the horse’s mouth, but they should never serve as a means of keeping in the saddle.
When riding in the arena, the reins are called internal (facing inside the arena) and external (opposite) reins.
When driving in a straight line with the reins, you need to act evenly. During turns (races), the internal rein is gathered, which forces the horse to turn its head in the direction of the turn; the external rein is applied to the neck and, adjusting the turn of the horse’s head, does not allow it to fall off the back of the head.
A small set of reins is performed by bending only the hands. If the reins need to gain more, the arms are bent simultaneously in the hands and elbows, without changing the position of the body. Further shortening of the reins is performed by moving the hands.
The reason is given in reverse order. To gain for themselves the right (left) rein pressed against the horses neck left (right), it is necessary to parse the reins in one hand and a left hand turn fingers downward and bend at the carpal joint during the right occasion to the right, bringing his thumb in the recruitment of the left about the left, closer to my pinky; parsing the reins in both hands it is necessary to take himself in hand, dialed the appropriate reason (right or left), and at the same time slightly make another hand forward and closer to the neck of the horse.
They usually sit on the horse from the left side in the following order
Throwing the reins over the horse’s neck with your left hand, stand on the left side facing it so that the rider’s feet are in the plane of the horse’s front legs; right hand straighten the reins, gaining them to a slight stop in the trenzel, put the reins in front of the withers with the left hand palm down and hold them in your hand together with a strand of mane. Turning in half a turn right, take the right hand utlise from the stirrup. Insert the foot of the left foot as far as possible into the stirrup (without touching the horse with the toe of the boot) and take hold of the back bow with your right hand; resting your left knee on the saddle, push off with your right foot from the ground and, pulling yourself up on your hands, rise on the left foot inserted in the stirrup, quickly and carefully move your right foot over the horse’s rump, insert it into the stirrup, smoothly drop on the seat and disassemble the reins.
A schenkel is the inside of a rider’s leg from the knee to the foot. The actions of the schenkel consist in pressing the rider’s feet on the horse’s sides, which is achieved by sending it forward and controlling the rear part of the body.
Schenkel actions can be uniform when both schenkels act simultaneously on the horse’s side with the same force, uneven when both schenkels act simultaneously, but one of them is stronger.
The uniform action of the shankels is used to “collect” the horse, send it forward when moving in a straight direction, as well as when transferring the horse from a larger gait to a smaller one and Vice versa.
Uneven action of shankels is used for bending the horse in the side, performing turns, races and volts, as well as for lifting into a gallop.
By pressing the right (left) schenkel, the back of the horse’s body is tilted to the left (right) side; the counter-positive schenkel regulates and stops this movement.
Press schenkel on the flank of the horse should be between girths, closer to the back or rear edge single cinches, and when the action schenkel knees from the saddle are not separated and remains the right fit.
If the smooth pressing of the shankels is not enough to make the horse comply with the rider’s request, the shankels need to act more sharply (by pushing). The action of schenkels can be strengthened by spurs, which, in addition, serve to punish the horse for its disobedience.
The slope of the hull
The rider moves his center of gravity and affects the balance of the horse; warns all its movements and promotes the beginning of movement, putting the horse in the most convenient position for this; restores the lost balance when the horse mistakes; regulates and directs its movement forward. With this technique, the rider can facilitate or hinder the horse’s movement.
By tilting the body forward, backward, to the right or to the left, the rider strengthens the action of the reins and shankels, helping the horse to perform a particular movement. By tilting the body forward, the rider moves the center of gravity of his body forward, too, and thus facilitates the work of the back of the horse’s body. Sloping the body back, on the contrary, facilitates the work of the front part of the horse’s body. The slope of the body in the direction of the turn helps the horse to maintain balance, which makes it easier to perform a turn (race).
In whatever direction the body of the rider deviates, the seat should not be removed from the saddle. When the body is tilted to the side, the weight of the body is transferred to the corresponding sciatic bone.
Sitting in the saddle should be confident, strong and at the same time relaxed – without tension, so that you can feel all the movements of the horse. Sit should be deep, in the middle of the saddle.
Dismounting from the horse is carried out to the left side in three steps.
Transfer the reins to the left hand, take this hand on the horse’s mane in front of the withers, put your right hand on the front pommel and remove the foot of the right foot from the stirrup
To lean on both hands, stand on the left leg, the right straight leg with an elongated toe to move across the horse’s rump without touching it, attach the right leg to the left, right hand to hold the bow back and slowly sink to the ground on the right foot, remove the left foot from the stirrup, put your left foot to the right, right hand lower
Release the mane, take a step to the left and, without letting go of the reins from the left hand, with the right hand remove them from the horse’s neck and disassemble at its chin. The mouthpiece reins remain on the horse’s neck
Movement of a riding horse
Before starting the movement, you should “collect” the horse, i.e. balance it, give the body a position from which it is most convenient to start moving in any direction. “Collection” of the horse is achieved by bringing its hind legs under the body and “delivery” of the head in the back of the head with a slightly raised neck. The rider must submit his / her body from the waist slightly forward to increase the pressure of both schenkel and lightly score the reins.
To start moving, you must first give the reins slightly, without weakening the shankels. For some types of movement, you must first give a “set” to the horse’s head, i.e. turn its head slightly in the back of the head (without dumping it) to the right or left side so that the rider sees half of the horse’s eye, but that the neck remains straight. The” setting ” of the horse’s head is achieved by the action of reins and shankels.
When riding in a straight line, you should lead the horse in the Assembly. The rider should act evenly with the shanks and reins so that the horse does not swerve to the side and does not throw back the rear part of the body. If the horse is swerving to the side or throws back the back of the body, you need to rein and shankelami to make it move in the right direction.
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