To facilitate the rider and the horse, riding at a light trot is used, in which the rider feeds his body (from the waist) slightly forward and, strengthening the emphasis on the knees (and by strengthening the lock), smoothly rises up and forward, and then just as smoothly descends through the horse’s step into the saddle. The rise of the rider’s body up should be as small as possible. You can relieve yourself both under the right and under the left leg. When riding in the arena to the left or right, they are eased under the corresponding (right or left) front leg. When driving in the field, it should be relieved periodically under the right and left leg.
When riding in the arena, in order to strengthen the landing, riding at a light trot without stirrups is used, while the landing remains the same as when riding with stirrups, but the main emphasis is on the knees. When training riders in the arena and at the exit of a riding horse, riding a training trot is used, in which the rider retains the correct landing, but is not facilitated.
When riding at a reduced trot, you should lead the horse in the shankels with a soft stop on the rein, reducing, if necessary, the speed of movement by the action of the reins. When riding at an increased trot, it is necessary to send the horse more forward on the leash, not allowing it to lower its head.
A horse can gallop with the right or left leg. When the horse moves with the right foot, it puts the right front foot forward more and higher than the left, the back right puts more forward under the body, and the left pushes off; when moving with the left foot-the opposite.
When riding to the right (if there was no other command), the horse should be lifted into a gallop with the right leg, when riding to the left – with the left.
To lift a horse into a gallop, you must first “collect” it and give it a “post” to the head.
Having “collected” the horse and given its head “put” in the right or left side, according to which leg the horse started to move at a gallop, it is necessary to push both shankels, strengthening the outer (shankel of the leg facing the outer side of the arena), send the horse forward. In this case, the inner shankel (the shankel of the leg facing the inner side of the arena) should not be weakened, so as not to allow the horse to throw the back of the body to the side.
When riding at a gallop, you should sit deep in the saddle and tilt the body in the lower back forward in time with the movement of the horse to accompany its movements, thus softening the pushes in the back of the horse.
Lifting in a field gallop is performed in the same way as in a gallop, but after lifting in a field gallop, the horse is given the opportunity to stretch (stretch the neck and body). When riding a field gallop, you should strengthen the emphasis on the knees and stirrups and give the body from the waist a little forward.
When riding a quarry, you should give more rein, for which you should put your hands forward to the withers to allow the horse to stretch and move at full speed, i.e. to develop the highest speed. Schenkel should be tightly pressed to the sides of the horse. If necessary, the horse is urged by shanks and spurs, but the landing is maintained the same as in a field gallop.
In the transition from fast pace to slow, press schenkel, then filing a case a few ago, to gain the reins and smoothly translate to a smaller horse gait, then stop increased action of schenkel and occasions.
To stop the horse, the rider must give his body from the waist a little back, strengthen the pressure of the shankels and a soft set of reins on himself to stop the horse.
For reining in movement, the horse must first be stopped, “collected”, and then begin reining in.
Rearing is a backward movement of the horse, in which it steps with its front feet on the track of the hind ones. For jumping with a rider first needs to ease back of the body of the horse feed your body more forward, then pressing schenkel and a soft set of reins to force the horse to upset three or four steps, and then, giving the reins slightly and loosening action schenkel, stop the horse, then put her off for three or four steps, etc. the Total number of steps of separation should not exceed 9-12.
The turns are: half turn to the right and left (one-eighth of a circle); right and left (quarter circle) right and left circle (on the lap). Turns are performed on the spot. To turn in motion, the rider first stops the horse, then turns it in the specified direction and continues moving in a new direction.
Turns are performed on the back and front legs. When turning left (right) on the hind legs, the axis of rotation must pass through the left (right) hind leg of the horse, when turning right (left) on the front legs – through the left (right) front. The turn must be executed so that the horse’s front or hind legs describe an arc.
To rotate the hind legs should be “collect” the horse and give “postav” her head in the direction of rotation, then the slope of the body slightly forward and in the direction of rotation and the action of external reason to force the horse to submit the front portion of the housing in the direction of rotation, not allowing her wasp service; wherein the outer leg should hold the rear part of the body of the horse on the spot, and internal force the horse to bend to the side.
The rider forces the horse to move the front part of the body in the direction of the turn by the combined actions of the body, shankels and reins. The horse needs to move, stepping with your feet: when turning left the right leg over the left; when turning to the right – left leg over your right, at the same time not upsetting ago.
By the end of the turn, you should meet the movement of the horse with an internal schenkel, and an external reason to stop the horse.
To turn on the front legs, you should “collect” the horse and give “put” its head in the direction of reclining the back of the body, then slightly tilt the body from the waist in the direction of reclining the back of the body and, holding the front part of its body in place, strengthen the outer shankel, forcing the horse’s back legs to move in the desired direction. When turning on the front legs to the right, the back of the horse’s body leans to the left, when turning to the left – to the right.
By the end of the turn, the movement of the back of the horse’s body should be stopped by the internal schenkel, and the external reason to stop the horse.
A volt is the movement of a horse in a circle with a diameter of 6-9 m.
To perform the volt, it is necessary to “put” the horse’s head in the direction of the volt; then slightly tilt the body in the direction of the volt and pressing both schenkels, strengthening the outer one, force the horse to bend in the side and go around in a circle so that its hind legs follow the track of the front ones. At the end of the volt, the movement continues in the same direction.
To move back, you should perform a half-turn, and then move half-turn to the wall of the arena: when you reach the wall, move along it in the opposite direction.
If the movement “right (left) back” is made at a gallop, at the end of the half-volt, the horse is transferred to a trot and when approaching the wall of the arena rises to a gallop with the other leg.
The backward movement can be executed in the opposite direction, i.e. when driving right and left back, and with a driving left – right back, but just for the step and trot. In these cases, you should take the horse half-turn inside the arena for 6-9 steps and perform a half-volt towards the wall of the arena.
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