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Basic safety rules when working with horses
During the ride, you must obey the instructor's commands without question and immediately. You can't do anything without permission. The horse is a naturally timid animal, but strong and heavy.…

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Training in concessions

A horse with a lowered head is relaxed, and a horse with a high head is excited, on the lookout, so it is very important to teach the horse to lower his head (relax!) upon command. While stroking and scratching the horse’s head (maintain contact), try to get the horse to give up the head and neck, for which apply a little pressure chomburom down.

Do not pull the line is! Just apply constant downward pressure. The second the horse drops its head even an inch, stop the pressure, work on the principle of small steps to be understood.

The horse learns not from pressure, but from its weakening. What you need: a lowered and gently yielding neck and head. Go to it step by step.

If you squat down, it will reduce your height, which will visually make you less dangerous for the horse, and in addition, it will also encourage it to lower its head to check what you are doing down there. While you are sitting, attach to the line is slow and constant pressure until, until the horse will not give you at least an inch, and then stop. It is very important to accurately and accurately catch the time to stop the pressure.

Continue this while the horse’s head is lowered to the ground. Then reward her and stroke her from the ground. This will make lowering the head a pleasant experience for the horse. And at the same time, the horse learns to gently surrender its head and neck.

To help the horse relax and make lowering the head or giving in better, put your finger in the corner of its mouth, this will make the horse work his mouth and lick his lips. This is particularly effective if you hit a dead end with exercises to lower the head. As soon as the horse starts working with its mouth, immediately remove your finger. When the horse works with its mouth (by itself), it says: I understand/OK, I’m relaxed/You’re the leader. When you encourage her to work with her mouth by putting your finger in the corner of her mouth while continuing to apply chombur pressure, you achieve the same thing: the horse relaxes and lowers its neck even lower. This helps her to establish in the mind the link between action chambura and relaxation of the neck with assignment. Please note: the horse is never stubborn, just sometimes it gets into a dead end. Remember this and help her break the deadlock, treat her with understanding.

To further help the horse understand that downward pressure should translate into lowering the head, you can also apply a soft constant pressure with the palm of your hand on the top of the horse’s head. As soon as it gives an inch, remove the pressure. Then repeat. Until then, until the horse will lower his head at all. The horse must feel the pressure easing (even at every step of the way, if necessary), otherwise it will not understand what you want from it, and will only learn to resist. I repeat: the horse learns to respond correctly ONLY through the release of pressure.
When the horse has lowered its head and relaxed its neck, put your hand behind its ears, this will allow it to see you with the other eye. Most of the horse’s field of vision is located on the sides (not directly in front of it and not directly behind, here it has blind spots), because its eyes are located on the sides of the head, and not directly like ours. And here’s the reason for this: horses are prey animals, and humans (technically) are predators. All prey animals have eyes positioned on the sides of their heads, so they can see the space around them, watching for potential predators. Since horses are running animals, sometimes they are suddenly scared if something appears out of nowhere in the field of view of the opposite (external) eye.

So let the horse get used to seeing you right and left at the same time, as often as you can. This will help later, when you will visit it. Deep down, at the level of basic instincts in a horse, it is laid down: (in nature) only in one case can something appear/touch on both sides at the same time-in the case of a predator attack! So by doing this exercise as often as possible, you build a more intimate, trusting, and fearless relationship. It is sometimes very important for young horses to get used to such two-sidedness. Scratch the horse while doing this exercise, so that the experience is pleasant for it, then it will learn to treat it accordingly. Also, at the same time, continue to encourage her to lower her head even more.

By crouching down and encouraging the horse to lower its head and relax its neck, you will speed up the process of understanding the concession enormously. Your reduced height will also morally encourage the horse to work even more willingly and relaxed, especially if you hit a dead end in this lesson. The horse’s mind follows its body. Try this! And you will see for yourself.

Squatting is useful not only in this case, but also in many others when training a horse. It is simply incredible how the effect on a horse of such a fearless, unthreatening position can shift its thoughts in the direction of relaxation, often just instantly, whenever it is needed. If you are working with a more explosive or hot horse, it is better to sit on the side, not in front of it. Don’t forget to make the horse all sorts of pleasantries, scratch your head in its favorite places!

Read more: http://thehorses.ru/text/text_2.htm#ixzz6Gf6dd94P

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