Basic safety rules when working with horses
During the ride, you must obey the instructor’s commands without question and immediately. You can’t do anything without permission.
The horse is a naturally timid animal, but strong and heavy. Therefore, you should not be afraid of horses, but you should not treat them carelessly,as if they were soft toys.
Do not approach from behind, do not crawl under the belly, and generally obey the instructors. In addition, you should not immediately try to repeat what is sometimes done by more experienced comrades. Relying on personal familiarity with a particular horse and hoping for their reaction, they can violate all safety regulations at once. But what they get away with, you may end up with a hoof, a bite, or a fall from a horse.
Strictly follow all instructions and commands of the trainer.
If you feel ill or feel unwell while riding, tell your instructor.
It is strictly forbidden to drive after drinking alcohol and drugs.
Please remember: the horse is timid. Don’t make sudden movements, don’t run around, don’t scream. Handling a horse should be friendly and calm. Contact with the horse is always gentle. Don’t run around the stable, don’t break the silence.
The horse must not be approached or sidestepped from behind: it may strike with its hind legs. Approach it only from the front, after calling out. Approach the horse, first calling out to it from the side in which it looks.
You must not touch the horse rudely or unexpectedly. Raise your hand slowly and carefully, talking to the horse. Do not put your hands through the bars of the horse’s stall. A horse can grab fingers or clothes with its teeth.
The rider works with the horse only on the left side , so it is trained. On the left we sit, on the left we dismount, lead, saddle and unsaddle, start and lead out of the stable. Do not enter the stable on horseback, but put the horse in the lead.
When you are leading a horse, please make sure that the end of the rein does not dangle under the horse’s feet: it can step into the rein and get tangled.
The stirrups should be pulled up or thrown over the saddle, so that the horse does not catch them on anything during the movement.
Do not forget that you can only treat a horse with an open palm, otherwise your fingers may suffer. It is allowed to give horses only dried fruits, crackers, slices of apples and carrots, and pieces of sugar.
Remember that when riding in a shift, you can not break the distance or ride sideways: horses can fight and injure themselves and you.
There is no rough pulling of the reins, as this causes the horse pain and can injure it or make it angry.
When saddling, first put the rein around the horse’s neck, then put on the bridle, and then saddle.
If the horse does not want to take the bit, clutching his teeth, press your fingers on the toothless mouth piece and feed the bit into the palm of her hand as soon as she unclenches the teeth. Put the bridle on the horse’s head carefully – the horse has delicate ears.
Do not let go of the reins from the moment the horse is taken out of the stall until it is unsaddled.
If the horse is saddled, do not let it lower its head and take anything from the ground: it can zapodpruzhitsya, after which the horse can only work without a saddle for a long time. Saddled horses with girths tightened do not let down your head – it is fraught with damage of blood vessels.
Do not remove the horse from the stall if the previous shift puts the horses in their places. When you take the horse out of the box or put it in the box, open the door completely so that the horse does not touch it.
Don’t stop with the horse in the stable aisle. If the passage is blocked, stop the horse and ask for help.
When getting into the saddle, gather the reins evenly, as if the outer rein is sagging, the horse may bite you, and also check the girths to avoid turning over with the saddle. If necessary, tighten the seat belts (so that two fingers barely pass under the girth).
When mounting a horse, do not take valuables with you or put them in well-zipped pockets.
Get on the horse always on the left side and only at the command of the trainer. When landing, do not throw or loose the reins.
If the horse has hit the back or has run away, please do not be afraid and do not shout. It will only excite the horse. It is necessary to throw the body back as much as possible, squeeze the sides of the horse with your feet and pull the rein hard.
Listen carefully and try to follow the instructions of the instructor. A horse can stand on a candle. Then, on the contrary, lean forward and wrap your arms around her neck, without throwing the reins. In this case, it is dangerous to pull the rein or mane, and you can tip over with the horse. As soon as it has assumed a normal position, the horse must be strongly sent forward by the schenkel.
If the horse under You suddenly lay down, immediately throw off the stirrups and, a little away from the horse and standing in front of it, try to voice and reason to make it rise. Under no circumstances should you let go of the reins, even if you fall.
When riding in a shift, do not run over the horse in front and do not approach another horse from the side. Try at the same time not to lag far behind the shift: the horse, guided by a herd sense, may suddenly rush to catch up with the others.
Do not stop in the path of the horses and do not ride against the shift. To avoid collisions with other riders, use your left shoulder to ride with them. Manage the horse calmly and gently, do not pull the horse’s reins.
To prevent undesirable actions of the horse at the sight or approach of a tractor, dog, bulky unfamiliar object, unusual sounds, etc.type a shorter lead, calm the horse with a voice, distract with some demand.
If the horse has run away, lean back and energetically dial the rein, acting with your hands in turn. Then stop it in a circle (by a volt), gradually reducing its radius.
Try to stay on the horse as long as possible, it does not play for a long time. But if the fall was not avoided and you lost the rein, do not jump up until the horse has run away to a safe distance. Remember: some horses hit a fallen rider with their hind legs.
If the horse stands on its hind legs ( on the hind legs) – give the rein, grab the mane or wrap your arms around the horse’s neck, and force it to drop with an active message. Do not lean back and pull the reins on yourself – the horse may tip over on its back.
If a horse stops and hits with its front foot, lowers its head, sniffs the ground, immediately raise its head and send it forward energetically – the horse is going to lie down under the rider.
Do not ride with one stirrup, when Dismounting, you must first throw the stirrups.
When you fall, throw off the stirrups and try, without letting go of the reins, to move away from the horse and immediately do not get up (so that the horse does not hit). After the fall, do not catch up with the horse.
Before you get down off that horse, drop both stirrups. Dismount from the horse, holding on to the mane and saddle by swinging your right leg over the horse’s rump.
If you want something from a horse, you have to get it done. The horse is required to obey, and you are required to give a clear, unambiguous command. Be persistent.
Next to the horse, especially in the saddle, you should not be distracted. We must be prepared for the unexpected.
Always keep the reins in your hands, do not leave the horse unattended. Do not tie a horse with a bridle on to the bars, to the barrier posts, or to the ring fence.
Lead the horse out of the stable or into the stable in the lead, walking next to it on the left side, removing the rein from the neck. In your left hand, hold the ends of the reins, and with your right, lead the horse by the bridle (do not hold on to the buckles of the rein – the horse may jerk its head and the buckle will injure your palm).
Lead the horse to the ring or back with the stirrups pulled up. A loose stirrup may catch on something and the horse, frightened, will knock you down.
When leading a horse, keep away from the leading horse at a distance of the length of two horse bodies (about 5 meters). Do not urge the horse in front with a whip or a wave of the hand – the horse can beat back.
If the horse balked, started to rush to the side, then do not pull the reins. The horse is stronger and will easily pull you along; pull the reins and calm the horse, and then encourage its obedience by voice, stroking, and continuing in the desired direction.
For riding, it is recommended to use shoes that freely enter the stirrup and have a small heel. It is not recommended to ride in shoes without heels, with a fluted sole or with a thick sole, as well as barefoot – in case of a fall, the foot may get stuck in the stirrup. You need to wear boots with a smooth sole and a small heel when riding. It is dangerous to ride in other shoes.
Unsaddling should first remove the saddle, then the bridle and be sure to unband the horse (if it was bandaged).
Before leaving the stall, Pat the horse and treat it to carrots, sliced apples or crackers. Let’s treat on the palm of her hand.
Bring strangers to the stables without the consent and permission of the administration.
Drinking alcoholic beverages, Smoking, obscenities, rough treatment of horses and children, beating horses.
Any actions with or on a horse without the permission of the instructor or in his absence.
Approach the horse or go around it from behind, and during saddling, it is necessary to crawl under the horse’s belly.
To sit on a horse in the stall or the aisle of the stables.
Wrap the reins, cord, and reins around your hand while working with the horse.
Keep sharp or cutting objects in your clothing pockets when working with a horse or riding, and use soft or flat shoes for riding.
To give the chance of the horse under saddle (a saddle with Troc) to lower down the head, to graze, to leave the horse unattended.